Community Governance Reviews are held to make sure parishes and communities are able to have a say in how their areas are run and the services provided.
They look at whether new organisations such as parish councils are needed and they make sure areas do not lose their character through population changes such as when a new housing estate is built.
The Council and other local authorities in Britain have power under the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 to carry out reviews and make decisions about parishes and their election process.
The Council also has the power to create new parishes.
As well as a change in population, a review may be asked for by residents through a petition to the Council.
The aim of a review is to make sure that parishes/areas continue to be run effectively by their councils and that their identity is protected for the local community.
The Council has to set out and published the terms of reference for the current Community Governance Review, along with a map of the area affected. It must also publish any changes as a result of the review.
The Council carries out any Community Governance Review within its electoral area.