Sarajevo is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Sarajevo is situated on the River Miljacka and was settled in the 14th century. From 1429 to 1878 it was part of the Ottoman Empire, and numerous examples of Turkish architecture still remain in the city. Until recently, Sarajevo was an important commercial and cultural centre, and several educational and cultural institutions were located here. In 1984 the Olympic Winter Games were held here.
Following Bosnia and Herzegovina’s secession from former Yugoslavia in April 1992, fierce fighting among Serbs, Croats, and Bosnian Muslims took place in Sarajevo. As a result of the fighting and a siege by the Serbs, much of the city has been destroyed.