Preparing for adulthood from the earliest years - Post-16 Education, Training, Apprenticeships and Employment
It is important for all young people to prepare for adulthood and employment. This is especially important for young people with special educational needs. Preparation for the move from school should start early and must have started by the time a young person is 14 (during year 9).
The views and aspirations of the young person are very important in this process. A young person's ideas and aspirations should be a central part of the transition review that happens in Year 9.
Staff who should be involved to support in the transition can include:
Local authority staff
Health professionals (GP, therapists, voluntary workers e.g. Grapevine and colleges.)
An action plan will be drawn up with the focus on the young person's aspirations and what they want for their future. The action plan will focus on the skills and preparation a young person will need to get the job they would. The action plan will also focus on independent living skills.
For young people with complex needs, a range of professionals will be involved and may also include health and social care.
CWPT’s Health services are being restructured to enable smoother transitions for young people transitioning to adult services, where these are commissioned.
If you’re disabled or have a physical or mental health condition that makes it hard for you to do your job, you can:
talk to your employer about changes they must make in your workplace
apply for Access to Work if you need extra help.
Your employer must make certain changes (known as ‘reasonable adjustments’) to make sure you’re not substantially disadvantaged when doing your job. These could include changing your working hours or providing equipment to help you do your job.
Full time jobs should include training tat leads to an accredited qualification, until a young person is 18. Lots of young people work part time alongside studying at school and at college.There are a number of different places you can find information about employment options.
Jobcentre Plus work coaches offer comprehensive help and support and are responsible for delivering personalised interventions for claimants across all benefits, including those with a complex health condition and/or disability. JobCentre Plus coaching is designed to equip the job seeker with the tools/skills they need to progress towards, or into work.
Job centre plus work in partnership with experts to make sure that a broad range of support is on offer. The Work and Health Programme is a Welfare to Work programme commissioned by the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP). It is designed to improve employment outcomes for people with health conditions or disabilities and those unemployed for more than two years.
At the age of 16, a young person can make a choice about whether to continue in education, employment or training.
Some schools offer sixth forms so that a young person can stay in school; however this depends on which school the young person attends. Individual schools and the Prospects Careers advisers will be able to provide more information about this.
A young person could also apply to sixth form college, 16-19 academies, specialist post 16 institutions or vocational training providers in the voluntary or public sector.
The range of study programmes is broad and includes A Levels, vocational qualifications at all levels, apprenticeships, traineeships, supported internships.
Further education (often abbreviated to FE) covers the type of education which goes beyond compulsory education (ages 5-16), but which is not at degree level (higher education). It may be at the same level, at a higher level, or at a lower level than secondary education.
There is a range of colleges in Coventry. The Prospects Careers advisers will be able to give more information +about these or you can contact the colleges directly to ask for information about courses and the support they offer.
There are 2 colleges in Coventry – Coventry College (Henley and City campuses) and Hereward. They both offer a wide variety of courses and support arrangements. There are also several colleges in the areas surrounding Coventry that Coventry young people can access.
Hereward is a much smaller college, with smaller class sizes, than Coventry College. All students at Hereward have an Education Health and Care Plan. Hereward offers a range of study programmes that relate to sport, business, computing, performing arts, music and visual arts.
Colleges outside of Coventry that might be of interest are: Warwickshire College Group, NWH College, and Solihull College.
Level 1 and above course usually require students to have GCSE level qualifications.
All colleges also offer general supported learning programmes. These allow students to continue to develop their basic skills in English, Maths and ICT. Students can also access personal development opportunities and do taster/foundation courses in a range of vocational areas available at the college.
This college is organised over two Campuses. Henley Campus and City Campus. It offers full and part time courses and Apprenticeships
Volunteering can help a young person gain confidence and develop skills that will support them towards their career and learning goals. Some volunteering opportunities can be used as accreditation towards qualifications and awards.
Community based options
Community based options can be considered if a young person’s support needs are such that a college or employment-related options would not be appropriate.
Coventry’s Adult Education Service offers some courses for adults with learning disabilities (over 19 years old), it is called Active Learning. These are usually run from 3 community venues. There are 3 levels of courses available. These programmes are usually 2 days a week. Students can choose either Independent Living Skills or Learning for Work or courses for Learners with Complex needs.
The Adult Education Service also offers a wide range of day and evening classes in venues across the city. These include basic skills classes and leisure and vocational courses. These courses are open to everyone. Fees may be applied and are means tested, which means that how much you pay can depend on how much money you have.
There is also day provision available via Coventry’s Social Care All Age Disability Service. An assessment would need to be undertaken to determine eligibility for adult social care services before day opportunities could be accessed.
There is a range of work related learning options including Apprenticeships, Traineeships and Supported Internships.
Entry requirements vary depending on the opportunity.
Apprenticeships combine practical training in a job with study. They can take between one and four years to complete depending on the level. An apprentice will work at least 30 hours a week and receive the national minimum wage for apprentices. As an apprentice, a young person will be studying for a national qualification, either in their place of work or in a classroom. This can be for one day per week or for specific blocks of time.
A supported internship is a study programme that includes an unpaid work experience offered by a local employer that will last between six and twelve months. This option may be right for a young person if they are between 16 -24 with an Education Health and Care Plan and they want to work towards being in employment but may require extra support to do so. There are no entry or completion requirements. Each learning provider will work with the young person to develop a personalised programme that meets your needs and provides progression.
A traineeship is an unpaid training course with work experience that gets a young person ready for work or for an apprenticeship. It can last up to six months. The aim of a traineeship is to provide work preparation, English and Maths training for those who need it and a work experience.
Training Providers can offer study programmes specific to a particular work area.
Coventry College: This college is organised over two Campuses. Henley Campus and City Campus. It offers full and part time courses and Apprenticeships. Telephone 024 7693 2932.
Hereward College: Offers a range of full time courses and supported internships. The majority of applicants will need to have an Education Health and Care Plan. Telephone 024 6746 1231.
Warwickshire College Group: Leamington Spa, Moreton Morell, Rugby Campus, Pershore, Warwick Trident Centre, Evesham and Malvern Hills. Offers Full and Part time courses and Apprenticeships. Telephone 0300 456 0047.
Motorvate and Brakes Training Limited are training providers that offer entry level qualifications in Motor Vehicle Studies and Construction. Coventry College commission these provider courses as part of their Bespoke Provision for students with additional needs that have an EHC plan.