The JSNA brings together evidence about the health and wellbeing of Coventry residents, to help leaders across health and care understand and work together to improve the health and wellbeing of the people of Coventry.
Organisations need to plan for a growing, changing and increasingly diverse population. The city has experienced a high rate of population growth in recent years, particularly amongst 18-29 year olds. However, the growth of over-65s is expected to accelerate and outpace other groups within 10-15 years. As the city grows, it is also becoming increasingly diverse. This is fuelled by births and international migration. In schools, nearly half of Coventry pupils are from Black and Minority Ethnic backgrounds.
Although the city is cohesive, people do not feel they have influence over local decisions. The city’s diversity and cohesion are assets to Coventry. People from different backgrounds report that they mix and get on well with one another. More emphasis on increasing participation will reduce barriers to cohesion.
Employment and skills have continued to increase, particularly in highly skilled jobs. Employment has increased and unemployment has reduced. The city's advanced manufacturing sector is growing, helped by the increase in the city’s working age population that is highly skilled and highly qualified. Education standards have also increased, with 94% of primary and 74% of secondary students attending a good/outstanding school; and fewer young people not in education, employment or training.
However, significant pockets of deprivation limit people’s opportunities to succeed in life . Nearly 19% of Coventry neighbourhoods are amongst the 10% most deprived neighbourhoods in England. 10% of the population has no qualifications at all, limiting their ability to gain better paid employment in the city. To transform life chances in these areas and thereby increasing everybody’s opportunity to succeed in life requires ensuring every child achieves a good level of development by the age of five. This is because social inequalities are already established from the early years of life.
The vast majority of people are satisfied with their local area as a place to live. Most people live within walking distance of a general/grocery shop, public transport links, parks, pubs, GP surgery/health centre, or a place of worship, providing opportunities to socialise, exercise and enjoy their lives. However, this masks pockets of dissatisfaction which could be further explored through a more detailed understanding of local needs. The place-based JSNA profiles will explore these in more detail, for instance, addressing issues around access and affordability of housing; and local air quality.
Increasing fear of crime impacts on local residents’ health and wellbeing. Violent crime has increased, reflecting the national trend. The coverage in the media and social media impacts on residents’ perceptions of safety, which, in turn, affects people’s mental wellbeing. Consideration should be given to increasing social media presence to communicate with communities, with families and young people in particular.
Overall health in the city is below average, with residents living in more deprived parts of the city not only living shorter lives, but also spending a greater proportion of their shorter lives in poor health than those living in less deprived parts of the city. However, focusing solely on the most deprived areas is ineffective and may stigmatise people. Making things fairer requires improving the health of all social groups, in a way that reflects each group’s assets and needs. This is called a “social gradient” approach. Examples of where a social gradient approach can be adopted include hospital accident and emergency, where vulnerable groups are more likely to be users of emergency admitted care services, and less likely to take up vaccinations and screening services.
Communities are best placed to address health challenges. This is because they have networks, understanding and legitimacy. However, their resources are limited and capacity is stretched. The public sector must, therefore, change how it works with communities, by shifting to an ‘enabling’ leadership style; pooling engagement resources and building capacity.
Harnessing the city’s growth and diversity.
Helping people to access opportunities and thrive.
Connected, safe and sustainable communities.
Healthy and independent for longer.
Working together in our places and with our communities.
Health is determined by people’s social circumstances such as their communities, prospects and environment; and similarly, this approach to addressing and improving these circumstances must also be rooted in local people and communities. Growing this capacity in the communities require improving connectivity. This can be done by:
Latest information about Coventry is set out in the citywide intelligence hub. This contains a data profiler tool and a data correlation tool: