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Health report sets out challenges on responding to growing and changing city

Published Monday, 08 July 2019

A new comprehensive report on the current health and well-being of residents in the city has been completed.


The Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) brings evidence and data from a variety of sources together to help inform future decisions on the local health and care conditions in the city. A wide range of residents, communities and partners have been involved in the creation of the report.

The report explores what is happening in Coventry and what more can be done to improve peoples’ health and wellbeing.

The report highlights how the city’s population is growing and changing; education levels are rising and job prospects are improving;  and housing, the environment , safety and social inequalities are some of the key issues that will inform future local policies.

Liz Gaulton, Director of Public Health and Wellbeing, said: “The importance of this report is to provide the groundwork for effective strategic commissioning, by providing an accurate picture of the health and wellbeing conditions of the local community.

“Coventry as a city is growing, changing and becoming more diverse, therefore the Joint Strategy Needs Assessment is a crucial report, which will allow our city service providers to focus their efforts on responding effectively to our society’s changing needs.

Engaging with our communities and community- based organisations has highlighted huge amounts of valuable work going on in communities and ambitions to do more; there are many opportunities for public sector organisations to get behind this and find ways to work more supportively and collaboratively with communities in neighbourhoods and across the city.

“We are also in the Year of Wellbeing and by working closely with our partners, we can ensure we are helping residents to live long and happy lives.”

Cllr. Kamran Caan, Cabinet member for Public Health and Sport added: “I am pleased to see that the JSNA has been a result of the collaborative work between Coventry City Council, and partners, including the emergency services, and community organisations. It has led to clear conclusions about the current health and wellbeing in our city and positive recommendations for improvement across our city.

“The JSNA is about improving life chances, bringing communities together and helping local services be the best they can be. I encourage all residents to take a look at the JSNA, so they can see what we have planned for all wards across Coventry.”

The report found that the city is growing, changing and becoming increasingly diverse.

“In the past ten years, Coventry’s population has grown by a fifth, making it the second-fastest growing local authority outside of London. One in three Coventry residents are black or minority ethnic, rising to 49% in schools.

“The city has experienced a high rate of population growth in recent years, particularly amongst 18-29-year olds. However, the growth of over-65s is expected to accelerate and outpace other groups within 10-15 years.”

Educationally, the picture looks encouraging with more Coventry folk being highly qualified and in work.

“Employment and skills have continued to increase, particularly in highly skilled jobs. The city’s advanced manufacturing sector is growing, helped by the increase in the city’s working age population that is highly skilled and highly qualified.

“Education standards have also increased, with 94% of primary and 74% of secondary students attending a good/outstanding school; and fewer young people not in education, employment or training.”

But with almost 19% of Coventry neighbourhoods amongst the 10% most deprived neighbourhoods in England, partners will look to introduce a range of initiatives to avoid limiting their ability to gain more rewarding employment in the city.

The report also found that the vast majority of people are satisfied with their local area as a place to live. However, like other places across the country, the city faces an increase in violent crime and worsening perceptions of safety.

Most people live within walking distance of a general/grocery shop, public transport links, parks, pubs, GP surgery/health centre, or a place of worship, providing opportunities to socialise, exercise and enjoy their lives. However, this masks pockets of dissatisfaction which could be further explored through a more detailed understanding of local needs.

“In Coventry, violence against the person increased by about a quarter in the last year. Against a national surge of violent crime against the person, Coventry’s rate remained lower than regional and is average amongst similar places.”

Coventry is a Marmot city, which means the city recognises that avoidable differences in health can only be tackled by addressing the underlying social conditions. Working to improve the areas people live and work are also priorities embedded throughout the report.

“Healthy life expectancy, which is the number of years a person can expect to live in good health, is at 63.5 years for females and 62.9 for males. This is just below the regional and national averages but is not significantly different.

“Preventable deaths can be avoided by addressing the social conditions that lead to poor health, such as people’s prospects and opportunities; housing and environment; as well as behavioural and lifestyle changes.”

The JSNA found evidence that residents are making better lifestyle choices, where one-in-five and one-in-six Coventry adults smoke.

“While deaths caused by smoking is relatively high in the city (283 per 1,000 in 2015-17 compared to 262.6 in England), there has been evidence of the improvement as smoking prevalence continues to decrease and the recorded quit rate in Coventry is relatively high.”

The full report can be read online at along with a citywide intelligence hub data profiler tool where communities and partners can look into any metric in further detail.

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